Procedure Changes


Are you using the most current ISTA Procedures and Projects? ISTA's policy is to accept a test report based on a previous version of a Procedure for up to ONE YEAR after the revision is published. To avoid problems with damage claims or additional re-testing, based on outdated procedures, we encourage all users to be sure they are using the most current version. ISTA keeps this page updated with corrections, changes and edits for all procedures.

ISTA Members: Login to the MEMBER CENTER and choose the Resources Folder and then File Archive to download the full procedures.

Non-Members: You may purchase the full procedure by visiting our STORE.

 
Policies Governing the Development and Maintenance of ISTA Protocols
Types of Changes:
TECHNICAL: These changes will affect the procedure in the way it is performed, in the levels of the test methods, or the types of test methods used. TECHNICAL changes require the review, discussion and approval of the ISTA Test Series Group (TSG) as well as the ISTA Technical Division Board and Testing Council.
 
EDITORIAL: These changes include errors in printing, format, spelling, and punctuation, as well as identified improvements in clarity of interpretation or to reduce or eliminate uncertainty, but may not include any changes that would, in any way, make a technical or substantive change in the Protocol causing re-testing to be necessary. Editorial changes made to text in regards to grammar, typographical errors or human errors in the creation of the document are approved by the ISTA Technical Steering Committee.
 
The following change has been made to 6-Amazon.com-Over Boxing in October 2017.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
6-Amazon.com-OverBoxing Corrected metric conversion errors on tape width used to secure Over Box as well as minor editorial changes. Editorial October 2017

The following changes have been made to Procedure 3E in April, 2017:
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
 Procedure 3E Compression - The vehicle and warehouse compression formulas were combined into one enhanced formula which now accounts for a broader range of real world warehouse and vehicle stacking scenarios.
Compression - The exception for warehouse compression where if the unitized load was stacked for 48 hours or less then warehouse compression was to be omitted has been removed from the test procedure. All stacking durations are now evaluated.

Compression - To more closely replicate real world conditions, a pallet is to be placed on top of the unitized load during the compression testing sequence.

Shock - The rotational edge drop height was moved from a fixed height to variable based upon weight. This change references studies and industry test procedures, such as ISTA 3B, which have been conducted since 3E's inception.

Shock - Incline Impact & Horizontal Impact speeds were increased from 42 in per second to 48 in per second. This change references studies and industry test procedures, such as ISTA 3B, which have been conducted since 3E's inception.
 Technical     April 2017
 Procedure 3E   Title, Scope and Preface were enhanced to reduce confusion on intent of the testing procedure and improve consistency across ISTA test procedures & projects.  Editorial  April 2017

The following changes have been made to the 2017 Resource Book:
  PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE   TYPE OF CHANGE*   DATE OF CHANGE
 Procedure 3B  Orientation - The Identification of Faces, Edges and Corners section on page 12 of 35 was amended to account for the worst case scenario and "Most Stable Orientation" was made the primary means of identifying the faces, edges and corners of the packaged-product. The alternate option which was previously "Most Stable Orientation" became "Intended Shipping Orientation."

Top-Load - On page 16 of 35 in the Before You Begin Vibration Testing section, the top-load maximum weight of 600lbs was eliminated.

Shock - Clarification to the wording within Test Block 16 & 18 was added to ensure that the "largest face" receives the intended impact as face numberings can change based upon orientations determined at the beginning of the procedure - Most Stable or Intended Shipping.
 Technical     March 2017
 Procedure 3B Top-Load - Illustrations and enhanced verbiage were added to the Before You Begin Vibration Testing section to clarify how the top-load is to be applied on the test specimen as well as what the top-load is attempting to account for in the real world.

Shock In - Test Block 16, on page 33 of 35, the wording for Package Type was amended to improve consistency across ISTA test procedures & projects (from Standard to Standard-Elongated & from Cylinder to Cylinder-Elongated). The same consistency was applied to Test Block 17. 
 Editorial  March 2017
  Procedure 3F Compression - Machine Apply and Hold as well as Weight and Load Spreader were added as additional options for conducting the compression sequence, Test Block 2.

Vibration - A height limitation on stacked vibration was incorporated into Test Block 4 to enhance the procedures ability to correlate to real world scenarios.
 Technical  March 2017
 Procedure 3F Title, Scope and Preface were enhanced to reduce confusion on intent of the testing procedure and improve consistency across ISTA test procedures & projects.  Editorial  March 2017
 Procedure 1C  Enhanced formatting of the "Test Sequence" table, specifically the Sequence #3, to reduce confusion on alternative methods and to improve consistency across ISTA test procedures & projects.  Editorial  January 2017
Project 3K Corrected typo on test duration in Test Block 9 (Vibration - Random), on page 17 of 20, Step 2. Incorrectly printed as 30 minutes when should have been as 40 minutes. Editorial January 2017
Procedure 1E In Test Block 2, on page 7 of 10, Step 1 was corrected to state "Go to TEST BLOCK 3 (Vibration - Random)" rather than Test Block 2 as previously printed. Test Block 2, on page 7 of 8, Step 9 was corrected to state "Go to TEST BLOCK 4 (Shock)" rather than Test Block 3 as previously printed. Test Block 3, on page 7 of 10, Step 5 was corrected to state "Go to TEST BLOCK 4 (Shock)" rather than Test Block 3 as previously printed. Test Block 4, on page 8 of 10, Step 5 was corrected to state "Go to TEST BLOCK 5 (Shock)" rather than Test Block 4 as previously printed. Editorial January 2017
Project 6-Amazon.com - Over Boxing NEW PROJECT: e-Commerce Fulfillment for Parcel Delivery Shipment NEW PROJECT November 2016

The following changes have been made to the 2016 Resource Book.
  PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED   CHANGE MADE   TYPE OF CHANGE*   DATE OF CHANGE
 Project 6-Amazon.com - SIOC Clamp Testing - Greater clarity on which faces should have clamp testing conducted. Previous TEST Block indicated that two axes needed clamp testing and this was modified to indicate that Clamp Testing is only required when that dimension, either Length and/or Width, is within the given parameters.

Previous Statement on Clamp Testing: 
Horizontal compression (clamping simulation) tests are only required in certain situations as follows: 
1. Clamp testing is required in two axes where the dimension is 24 in (610 mm) or greater and less than 75 in (1905 mm)
2. No clamping tests are required for Type A and Type F.

New Statement on Clamp Testing: 
Horizontal compression (clamping simulation) tests are only required in certain situations as follows:
1. Clamp testing is required on the Length when the distance between Face 2 and 4 is between 24 in (610 mm) and 75 in (1905 mm). 
2. Clamp testing is required on the Width when the distance between Face 5 and 6 is between 24 in (610 mm) and 75 in (1905 mm). 
3. No clamping tests are required for Type A and Type F.

Leak Testing - TEST Block 25 was added to challenge the seal integrity of test specimens that contain liquids. 
Technical   May 2016
Project 6-Amazon.com - SIOC Minor editorial changes occurred to improve consistency across ISTA test procedures & projects.  Editorial  May 2016
Project 6-AMAZON.com-B The original test was developed specifically to address Heavy & Bulky packaged-products greater than 70lbs. Since then the goal was amended to include all packaged-products that Ships-In-Own-Container (SIOC) from an Amazon.com fulliment center. For this reason, the title was changed from "Project 6-Amazon.com-B, Heavy/Bulky Packaged-Products for Amazon.com Distribution System Shipment" to "Project 6-Amazon.com, Ships in Own Container (SIOC) for Amazon.com Distribution System Shipment." Additionally the scope and preface were updated to provide greater clarity of the tests intent.  Editorial  March 2016
Project 6-AMAZON.com-B  Due to the scope of the test being increased from Heavy/Bulky packaged-products over 70lbs to any packaged-product that will not be over packed by Amazon a.k.a. Ships in Own Container (SIOC), several elements of the protocol were changed. The test type selection criteria was redefined to align with the new SIOC protocol scope change. Other changes included ...
* Normalizing the hazard sequences to drive consistency across the different packaged-product test types and more closely align with the Amazon supply chain 
* Clamp Testing was changed from "Optional" to "Required" for five of the six packaged-product test types
* Clamp Testing method was modified from clamp and hold to a clamp, lift 12 inches & then hold. 
* Rotational Drops were standardized to 9" from varying heights based upon weight and test sequence 
* Maximum compression requirements was reduced from 7,500lbs to 5,000lbs
* Tip Over Testing is required on all four sides
* Vibration duration was moved from distance traveled to a set duration of 80 minutes per side.
 Technical  March 2016
Procedure 1A, 1B In Test Block 2, on page 6 of 8, Step 13 was corrected to state "Go to TEST BLOCK 3 (Shock)" rather than Test Block 2 as previously printed. Editorial January 2016
Procedure 1B, 1H In Test Block 3, on page 7 of 8, Step 1 was corrected to state "If YES, then go to TEST BLOCK 4 (Shock - Rotational Edge Drop)" rather than Test Block 3 as previously printed. Editorial January 2016
Procedure 3A Enhanced NOTE to Step 1 of Identification of Faces, Edges and Corners on page 9 of 28, to clarify Most Stable Orientation. Editorial January 2016
Procedure 3A Added NOTE to Before You Begin Top-Load Apparatus on page 14 of 28, to clarify that dimensions used to calculate top-loads are taken when the packaged-product is in its Most Stable Orientation which could be different than the intended shipping orientation. Editorial January 2016
6-Sams Club Corrected conversion error in example 2 on page 19 of 45 in the Before You Begin Vertical (Top-to-Bottom) Compression Testing. Wc = 260 lb (1118 kg) was changed to Wc = 260 lb (118 kg). Editorial January 2016
Procedure 3B In 2013 the ISTA Testing Council voted to move Project 3B to procedure status. When this change was made the version date of 3B was erroneously changed to 2013. This change should not have been made because a project moving to procedure status is not considered to be a change that's technical in nature. After review and vote from the Technical Steering Committee the version date of 3B has been changed back to 2012, the year of its most recent technical change. Editorial January 2016

The following change has been made to the 2014 Resource Book.
  PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
 Procedure 3A  In Test Block 8, page 23 the reference to an Air spectra was corrected to was corrected to Optional Random Vibration Under Low Pressure spectra. Step 5 was also corrected to reference the Over-the-Road random vibration instead of Optional Vibration Under Low Pressure. This error was the result of a copying issue during procedure maintenance. Editorial January 2014
 Procedures 3E, 3F The Testing Council voted to remove the compression note from the before you begin compression testing sections of 3E and 3F due to several comments received by ISTA stating the note created confusion. Editorial January 2014
 Procedures 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1G, 1H Pre-Conditioning added to 1-Series Test Procedures: The 1-Series TSG and Technical Division Board have voted to approve adding a required 12-hour pre-conditioning sequence to all 1-Series Test Procedures. The 12 hour pre-conditioning sequence calls for the packaged-product to be stored at laboratory ambient temperature and humidity.  Technical March 2014

ISTA PROCEDURES / PROJECTS TO BE DISCONTINUED IN 2013 

The ISTA Technical Division, after a successful ballot from the appropriate ISTA Test Series Groups, has approved the discontinuation of seven (7) ISTA Procedures and Projects starting in January 2013. The following Procedures or Projects will NOT be published after 2012:
  • ISTA Procedure 2D (use ISTA Procedure 3A-flat)
  • ISTA Procedure 2E (use ISTA Procedure 3A-elongated)
  • ISTA Procedure 2F (use NCC LTL Item 180, available from National Motor Freight Traffic Association www.nmfta.org)
  • ISTA Procedure 3F 
  • ISTA Project 7A* 
  • ISTA Procedure 7B*
  • ISTA Procedure 7C*
*The ISTA Technical Division will be considering adding test methods for reusables into existing ISTA procedures OR will develop a new project for reusables that will encompass the 3 discontinued 7-Series projects and procedures.

In addition, ISTA Procedure 7D, which was set for discontinuation in 2012, has been extended. You will find Procedure 7D, with editorial changes, included in the 2012 ISTA Resource Book. ISTA Members can download 7D through their Member Center account; non-members can order it through the ISTA E-Market.

The following change has been made to Project 3B. Members may LOGIN to download the most current versions of ISTA Procedures.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
Project 3B Revised the fork lift handling course requirements to allow for the course to be installed in any manner that prevents movement for the duration of the testing sequence: Page 11 of 35 Technical November 2012

The following changes have been made to ISTA Procedures in the 2012 Resource Book. Members may LOGIN to download the most current versions of ISTA Procedures.
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
 6-SAMSCLUB Added definition for "slip sheet" on Page 2 of 45  Editorial  January 2012
 6-SAMSCLUB Revised first bullet in Notes on Page 7 of 45 (Use this test for packaged-product defined as Small according to the Definitions section on page 2.) Editorial January 2012
 6-SAMSCLUB Added Note to Overview on Page 15 of 45 to clarify the use of different formulas in calculating vertical compression (NOTE: The trial calculation that follows is intended to determine which required formula will be used to calculate the compression testing value. Calculating the trial formula first assures that the required compression minimum will be met.) Editorial January 2012
1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1G, 1H, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, 3E, 3F, 3H, 7C Added "Package" to PDA/PDT header. Editorial January 2012
2B Added "warehoused" to table on Page 7 of 15 - in explanation of Compensating Factor (Typical range is 3-6, ISTA recommends a minimum of 5 if the packaged-product may be warehoused during distribution; otherwise a minimum of 4 is recommended.) Editorial January 2012
3E Revised text on Page 6 of 13, under table (Formula Term Definitions for calculations) Editorial January 2012
3E Revised text on Page 6 of 13, under table (The following are definitions of terms used in the Warehouse Compression and Vehicle Compression calculation sections that follow) Editorial January 2012
3E Revised text on Page 6 of 13, under table (The Factor values given in the sections that follow are typical, but other F values may be used in certain situations including reduced factors.) Editorial January 2012
3E Revised text on Page 6 of 13, under table (If the Compensating Factor values given in the sections that follow are not used, sufficient justification must be included in the Test Report.) Editorial January 2012
3E Added bold and underline to text in Note in first table on Page 7 of 13 (…and no compression test will be required by this section - continue onto Vehicle Compression section.) Editorial January 2012
3B Revised two portion Top Load division to be perpendicular, not parallel: Page 16 of 35 (A two portion Top Load apparatus, with the two portions of equal size and weight and divided Editorial January 2012

ISTA PROCEDURES / PROJECTS TO BE DISCONTINUED IN 2013

The ISTA Technical Division, after a successful ballot from the appropriate ISTA Test Series Groups, has approved the discontinuation of seven (7) ISTA Procedures and Projects starting in January 2013. The following Procedures or Projects will NOT be published after 2012:
 
  • ISTA Procedure 2D (use ISTA Procedure 3A-flat)
  • ISTA Procedure 2E (use ISTA Procedure 3A-elongated)
  • ISTA Procedure 2F (use NCC LTL Item 180, available from National Motor Freight Traffic Association www.nmfta.org)
  • ISTA Procedure 3F (ISTA will release Project 3J in mid-2012 as a replacement to 3F)
  • ISTA Project 7A* 
  • ISTA Procedure 7B*
  • ISTA Procedure 7C*
*The ISTA Technical Division will be considering adding test methods for reusables into existing ISTA procedures OR will develop a new project for reusables that will encompass the 3 discontinued 7-Series projects and procedures.

In addition, ISTA Procedure 7D, which was set for discontinuation in 2012, has been extended. You will find Procedure 7D, with editorial changes, included in the 2012 ISTA Resource Book. ISTA Members can download 7D through their Member Center account; non-members can order it through the ISTA E-Market.
ISTA RELEASES PROJECT 6-SAMSCLUB; PROJECT 3J DISCONTINUED FOR 2011

ISTA released Project 6-SAMSCLUB in 2010 (Packaged-Products for Sam's Club® Distribution System Shipment). Project 3J has been discontinued for 2011.

6-SAMSCLUB covers 4 main types of shipments received by Sam’s Club:
 
  • Type A: Non-Perishable, initially shipped palletized (on standard or custom pallet)
  • Type B: Non-Perishable, initially shipped floor-loaded, defined as Large
  • Type C: Non-Perishable, initially shipped floor-loaded, defined as Small
  • Type D: Perishable

Sam’s Club Suppliers and ISTA Certified Testing Labs are encouraged to use 6-SAMSCLUB in lieu of Project 3J. ISTA Members may download the full project, and test report form templates, through their ISTA Member Center account. Non-members can purchase the full project through the E-Market

ISTA® 6-SAMSCLUB is essentially an enhancement of ISTA® Project 3J, which was released early in 2010. After initial release of 3J, several requests for changes were made, prompting ISTA Staff to work with the packaging department at Sam’s Club to revise and re-classify this test project within our 6-Series (Member Performance Tests). 6-SAMSCLUB is more focused on the specific environment of the Sam’s Club store and less on generic club store distribution systems.

Project 3J will not be published in 2011. ISTA will be revising this project to make it more general for club store distribution. A re-release date of late 2011 or early 2012 is expected. All Sam’s Club suppliers should now use 6-SAMSCLUB.
The following changes have been made to ISTA Procedures in the 2011 Resource Book. Members may LOGIN to download the most current versions of ISTA Procedures.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED CHANGE MADE TYPE OF CHANGE* DATE OF CHANGE
 3J  -NO LONGER PUBLISHED-
6-SAMSCLUB is now the appropriate procedure for Sam’s Club suppliers.
 - January 2011
 5B  -NO LONGER PUBLISHED-
Refer to ISTA 7E and Standard 20 for the testing of insulated shipping containers
 - January 2011
 7D  -LAST YEAR OF PUBLICATION-
2011 will be the last year Procedure 7D is published. Refer to ISTA 7E for the testing of insulated shipping containers
 - January 2011
 3K  NEW PROJECT: Fast Moving Consumer Goods in the European Retail Supply Chain  NEW PROJECT January 2011
2A, 2B Change made to the formula used to determine the S value for compression testing http://www.ista.org/2A2BBYBCompression9-2010.pdf Technical January 2011
2C, 3H Change made to the Air Ride vibration spectrum http://www.ista.org/2011-2C3H_AirRideVibration.pdf Technical January 2011
2F Correction to directions in Test Block 6 Editorial January 2011
2F Corrected formula used for Large/Heavy packaged-products Technical January 2011
3B Change made to the concentrated impact equipment used (similar to ASTM D6344) Technical January 2011
3B Fork Handling Course revised in an effort to loosen restrictions, making the course easier to create Technical January 2011
3B Now allows for no vibration top-load of packaged-products over 72 in tall (1.8 m)  Technical  January 2011
3B Now includes a maximum top load value Technical January 2011
3B Revised Before You Begin for a clearer description of the top load apparatus Editorial January 2011
3E, 3H Before You Begin Compression revised for clarification when using the Apply & Release method Editorial January 2011
3H Before You Begin Compression Testing re-written for easier interpretation of the requirements. Editorial January 2011
1C, 1D, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3E, 3F, 3,H Compression testing equipment requirements changed to allow fixed or floating platens Editorial January 2011
6-Series Description revised to allow for additional uses of the 6-Series Editorial January 2011
GUIDELINES The Guidelines have been updated to reflect changes made to the procedure line-up; also added 2 new sections on using “engineering judgments” and non-ISTA certifications Editorial January 2011

The following changes have been made to ISTA Procedures since the release of the 2010 Resource Book. Members may LOGIN to download the most current versions of ISTA Procedures.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
 1C, 1D Before You Begin Compression Conditioning: Revised tables used to calculate test force or load with better explanation and accurate minimum/maximum values Editorial May 2010
 Project 3J Added a definition for standard and custom pallets; 
Corrected “Overview” paragraph on page 13 to indicate the 30-second compression test for Perishables;
Revisions made to correct formatting issues
Editorial May 2010
 3A Identification of Faces, Edges and Corners for Express Mailers revised to better reflect orientations for a two-dimensional mailer/envelope. Editorial April 2010
 All Procedures and Projects The “Reporting an ISTA Test” section in each ISTA testing protocol has been revised to list more details on completing and submitting a test report form. Information previously on this page is in the Guidelines for Selecting and Using ISTA Procedures and Projects. Editorial January 2010 
 2E Test Block 4, Step 4 was re-written for better interpretation of the test method. Editorial January 2010
3A Test Block 9, Step 17: the set-up for smalls was revised to show the proper positioning of the sample bag. Editorial January 2010
3B A number of editorial revisions, particularly in TEST BLOCK 15, “Fork Lift Handling”, to help with interpretation of requirements. Editorial January 2010
3B Test Block 15: Flat Push tests now require just one fork blade tip in contact with the pallet’s center block/stringer. Editorial January 2010
3E Test Block 4 has been re-written for better interpretation of the required method. Editorial January 2010
3E Before You Begin Shock Testing: re-written to include proper terms (impact velocity for incline-impact and velocity change for horizontal impact) Editorial January 2010
3E Test Block 5, Step 3: re-written to identify proper determination of vibration test time. Editorial January 2010
3E Before You Begin Compression: re-written for easier interpretation of the requirements. Editorial January 2010
3F Before You Begin Compression: “Test Load” changed to “Test Force” Editorial January 2010
3H Test Block 7, Step 3: re-written to identify proper determination of vibration test time. Editorial January 2010
7D Added a “last year of publication” notice to first page. Procedure 7D will not be published after 2010; a new project will supersede 7D later in the year.   January 2010
The following changes have been made to ISTA Procedures since the release of the 2009 Resource Book.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 2A, 2B, 2D, 2E, 2F Instructions for the second portion of the fixed displacement test have been clarified to instruct the user to begin at a low frequency and increase the frequency until the shim can be properly inserted. Editorial June, 2009

The following changes have been made to ISTA Procedures in the 2009 Resource Book. Members may LOGIN to download the most current versions of ISTA Procedures.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE* DATE OF CHANGE 
 3E, 3H  Method for determining Vibration Time changed to reflect a new formula for test time as it relates to distance traveled. Technical January 2009
 6-Series  More detailed descriptions added, including basic testing requirements. Editorial January 2009
 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1G, 1H, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, 3A, 3E, 3F, 3H  Statements allowing inspections after a test method have been removed. Inspections will no longer be allowed if testing is being done for ISTA certification. Editorial January 2009
 1C, 1D, 1E, 1G, 1H, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2F, 3E, 3F, 3H, 7B, 7D  Theoretical stroke added to vibration profiles. Editorial January 2009
 1C, 1D, 2A, 2B, 2F, 3E, 3F, 3H, 4AB  Compression equipment requirements changed to clarify that a fixed platen should be used. Editorial January 2009
3A Further explanation of how to calculate the top-load that is used. Editorial January 2009
3A “Random Vibration Under Vacuum” changed to “Random Vibration Under Low Pressure” to better reflect testing that is done.  Editorial January 2009
3A Top-Load apparatus requirements changed to allow for a minimum of 1” and a maximum 3” overhang on all sides. Editorial January 2009
2A, 2B, 3E, 3F, 3H Further explanation of compression compensating factors added. Editorial January 2009

The following changes have been made to ISTA Procedures since the release of the 2008 Resource Book. Members may LOGIN to download the most current versions of ISTA Procedures.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE TYPE OF CHANGE*   DATE OF CHANGE
 2B Test Sequence (page 3 of 15), Corrected Step 5 to show proper levels, added Rotational Edge Drop as Step 6, updated "Note" after table to show vibration sequences as #4 and #7

Corrected value used in formula for Fixed Displacement Vibration (page 8 of 15). Value should be 11,800 vibratory impacts.

A note was added to the Before You Begin Compression section to clarify that when the S-value is 1 (or when the user knows nothing will be stacked on the unit), the formula will equal zero and therefore no compression is necessary.
Editorial October 1, 2008
 3H Test Sequence (page 3 of 19), Sequence 10 corrected to 2 mph (0.9m/s) 15 ms Half Sine Editorial April 23, 2008
 3A Header/Footer date changed to FEBRUARY 2008; Last Editorial date changed to FEBRUARY 2008. Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
3A Test Sequences: Test Blocks referenced for Vibration Testing now include all Test Blocks used. Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
3A Top-Load Apparatus for Small description added to Page 13. Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
3A Explanation for * in Top-Load Formulas table added to bottom of page. Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
3A TEST BLOCK 1: redundant word removed from Step 4; 
Step 10 replaced with easier explanation of continued steps.
Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
3A TEST BLOCK 2: Further direction added to Step 5. Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
3A TEST BLOCK 5: Step 16 corrected to show proper Test Block title. Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
 3A TEST BLOCK 8: “Optional” comment revised; Step 1 added to direct user to TEST BLOCK 2 prior to continuing; Test sequence re-numbered accordingly; direction in Step 7 corrected accordingly. Editorial Feb. 26, 2008
 3A Title for TEST BLOCK 11 corrected to read “Full Rotational Flat Drop” Editorial Feb. 26, 2008

Below is a list of the changes that were effective for 2008.

Please note that a majority of the ISTA Procedures have had one or more technical change for 2008. All procedures have gone through formatting changes in the 2008 versions, to make them more consistent with each other and easier to use. Please be sure you are using the correct procedure version - VERSION DATES are listed at the top of this page.
 
 PROCEDURE(S) AFFECTED  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
 2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3E, 3F, 3H, 7A, 7B, 7C 2 additional temperature and humidity cycles added to Atmospheric Conditioning table Technical January 2008
 2C, 3E, 3F, 7C Replaced truck vibration spectrum with ISTA 3H Steel Spring vibration spectrum Technical January 2008
 3A Top Load round-up increments changed to 5 pound (from 25 pound) Technical January 2008
3A Top Load orientation changed for irregulars, tubes and pails Technical January 2008
2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3E, 3F, 3H, 7A, 7B, 7C Corrected "Standard Conditions" (formerly Controlled temperature) Fahrenheit temperature value to 73°F Editorial January 2008
7A TEST BLOCK 2, Step 5, corrected missing words Editorial January 2008
 2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3E, 3F, 3H, 7A,7B, 7C Changed titles of Atmospheric Conditioning sequences Editorial January 2008
ALL Version Dates added for both last Technical Change made and last Editiorial Change made Editorial January 2008
 ALL (except 3A, which saw this change in 2007) Test Blocks numbered throughout procedure Editorial January 2008
2F, 3A Test Block numbers added to test sequence tables Editorial January 2008
The following changes were included in the 2007 edition of the Resource Book.
 
 PROCEDURE  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
3H Test Sequence was corrected to show test level in Sequence #10; also corrected to show that sequence as "Required" (not just for rail shipments) Technical October 2007
2A, 2B, 3E, 3H A note was added to the Before You Begin Compression section to clarify that when the S-value is 1 (or when the user knows nothing will be stacked on the unit), the formula will equal zero and therefore no compression is necessary. Editorial May 2007
3H The term "unitized load" was changed to "bulk container" where appropriate. Editorial May 2007
2C Shock Test Blocks A, B, C, D: Edited to include qualifiers for Exception One and Two testing. Technical May 2007
2C Shock Test Block C: Corrected the face orientations that are impacted to small, opposite small, large and opposite large. Editorial May 2007
3A Added a second series of free fall drops for FLAT and ELONGATED packaged-products. Click here for details on this addition. Technical March 2007
3A Page 2 (Preface): picture graphics added to help with identifying the different package types. Editorial March 2007
3A Page 16 (Before You Begin OPTIONAL Vibration Under Vacuum):Changed unit "mm HG/torr" to "mm Hg (torr)", in order to avoid confusion. Some vacuum chambers use torr instead of mm Hg as the measured value. Editorial March 2007
7D Correction made to last Cycle Period listed on Page 6 (Cold/Hot and Hot/Cold). Due to a copy and paste error, this table is incorrect in the 2007 Resource Book. Correct table is listed in the 2006 version. Editorial March 2007
The following changes were included in the 2007 edition of the ISTA Resource Book.
 
 PROCEDURE  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
3A  Test Block 7: SMALLS changed to "do NOT test in bag" Editorial January 2007
3A  Test Block 6: SMALLS changed to "do NOT test in bag" Editorial January 2007
3A Test Block 8 for SMALLS: orientations listed corrected to correspond with ID of faces/corners/edges Editorial January 2007
3A Equipment Required for SMALLS: added statement to fill internal dunnage packages Editorial January 2007
3A Before You Begin Optional Vibration Under Vacuum: In the unit table, "torr" was added to metric units for barometric pressure Editorial January 2007
3A Test Blocks 4, 5, 6 and 7: added random vibration spectrum being used Editorial January 2007
3A Identification of Orientations: NOTE added that most stable orientation may be different than intended shipping orientation. Editorial January 2007
3A Equipment Required Additional: For SMALLS, added approximate sizes for overnight envelope, #5 and #6 mailers Editorial January 2007
7A Equipment Required Shock: text change from "potatoes" to "simulated product" Editorial January 2007
7A Before You Begin Atmospheric: text change from "potatoes" to "simulated product" Editorial January 2007
7A Shock Testing: text change from "potatoes" to "simulated product" Editorial January 2007
7D Many editorial changes were made throughout the document to clarify the testing procedure. Editorial January 2007
The changes listed below were made to ISTA Procedures between 2005 and 2006.
 
 PROCEDURE  CHANGE MADE  TYPE OF CHANGE*  DATE OF CHANGE
 2A In the Random Vibration test block, Page 14, Step 11 was corrected to show the end of testing. Editorial September 2006
3A In Test Block 10, Page 22, Step 5 was removed for redundancy. Editorial May 2006
7D In the Before You Begin Atmospheric Temperature Testing section, Page 6, the 72-hour international expedited airfreight transport profiles listed an incorrect time for the 4th sequence. The Cycle Period Hours should be 24, not 14. Technical October 2005
3A, 3C In the Before You Begin Vibration Under Dynamic Load section, the units for top-loads have been corrected to read Kilograms and Pounds. Editorial June 2005
2A, 2B, 2C, 3E, 3H In the Before You Begin Compression section of Procedures 2A, 2B, 3E and 3H the formulas have been corrected. The formula for the dead weight test should be:

Wt x (S-1) x F

In the Before You Begin Vibration Under Dynamic Load section of Procedure 2C, the 9.8 metric conversion factor has been removed from the dead weight formula.
Technical June 2005
2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3C, 3E, 3F, 3H, 7A, 7B and 7C In the “Before You Begin Atmospheric Conditioning” blocks in the referenced Procedures, the humidity for the “Controlled temperature” sequence should be 50% RH ± 5%. Technical May 2005
 2B In the Identification of Faces, Edges and Corners section, the Edge is mislabeled. It should be Edge 1-2. Editorial May 2005
 3A In the “Second Shock Test Block for STANDARD and SMALL”, the drop heights listed in the “Small (in a bag)” column were incorrect. The proper drop height is 610 mm (24 in.) Technical April 2005
 7D The “Cycle Period Hours” numbers are inconsistent with the “Total Time Hours” in two of the tables. At the bottom of page 5 of 13, the “8”s in the “Cycle Period Hours” columns should be “12”s (2 places). On the top of page 6 of 13, the “12”s in the “Cycle Period Hours” columns should be “6”s (2 places). Technical April 2005
1B, 1E, 1H, 2B Under the Caution statement in the Before You Begin Shock Testing section, the last bullet point should read:

• you may conduct the Rotational Edge Drop test on both of the shortest edges.
Editorial January 2005